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How to Protect Yourself and Others from COVID-19

Based on the increase in the number of cases, it is our responsibility to keep ourselves updated in the latest recommendations and to make a continuous commitment in keeping our self and others safe. The following guidelines will help us in protecting ourselves and others from getting COVID-19:

Important Ways to Slow the Spread

· Get a COVID-19 vaccine as soon as you can.

· Wear a mask that covers your nose and mouth to help protect yourself and others.

· Stay 6 feet apart from others who don’t live with you.

· Avoid crowds and poorly ventilated indoor spaces.

· Wash your hands often with soap and water. Use hand sanitizer if soap and water aren’t available.


Wear a mask

  • Everyone 2 years and older should wear masks in public.

  • Masks should be worn in addition to staying at least 6 feet apart, especially around people who don’t live with you.

  • If someone in your household is infected, people in the household should take precautions including wearing masks to avoid spread to others.

  • Wash your hands or use hand sanitizer before putting on your mask.

  • Wear your mask over your nose and mouth and secure it under your chin.

  • Fit the mask snugly against the sides of your face, slipping the loops over your ears or tying the strings behind your head.

  • If you have to continually adjust your mask, it doesn’t fit properly, and you might need to find a different mask type or brand.

  • Make sure you can breathe easily.

Stay 6 feet away from others

  • Inside your home: Avoid close contact with people who are sick.

  • If possible, maintain 6 feet between the person who is sick and other household members.

  • Outside your home: Put 6 feet of distance between yourself and people who don’t live in your household.

  • Remember that some people without symptoms may be able to spread virus.

  • Stay at least 6 feet (about 2 arm lengths) from other people.

  • Keeping distance from others is especially important for people who are at higher risk of getting very sick.

Get Vaccinated

  • Authorized COVID-19 vaccines can help protect you from COVID-19.

  • You should get a COVID-19 vaccine when it is available to you.

Avoid crowds and poorly ventilated spaces

  • Being in crowds like in restaurants, bars, fitness centers, or movie theaters puts you at higher risk for COVID-19.

  • Avoid indoor spaces that do not offer fresh air from the outdoors as much as possible.

  • If indoors, bring in fresh air by opening windows and doors, if possible.

Wash your hands often

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds especially after you have been in a public place, or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.

  • It’s especially important to wash:

  • Before eating or preparing food

  • Before touching your face

  • After using the restroom

  • After leaving a public place

  • After blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing

  • After handling your mask

  • After changing a diaper

  • After caring for someone sick

  • After touching animals or pets

  • If soap and water are not readily available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Cover all surfaces of your hands and rub them together until they feel dry.

  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.

Cover coughs and sneezes

  • If you are wearing a mask: You can cough or sneeze into your mask. Put on a new, clean mask as soon as possible and wash your hands.

  • If you are not wearing a mask:

  • Always cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, or use the inside of your elbow and do not spit.

  • Throw used tissues in the trash.

  • Immediately wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not readily available, clean your hands with a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.

Clean and disinfect

  • Clean high touch surfaces daily. This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks.

  • If someone is sick or has tested positive for COVID-19, disinfect frequently touched surfaces. Use a household disinfectant product from EPA’s List N: Disinfectants for Coronavirus (COVID-19) according to manufacturer’s labeled directions.

  • If surfaces are dirty, clean them using detergent or soap and water prior to disinfection.

Monitor your health daily

  • Be alert for symptoms. Watch for fever, cough, shortness of breath, or other symptoms of COVID-19.

  • Especially important if you are running essential errands, going into the office or workplace, and in settings where it may be difficult to keep a physical distance of 6 feet.

  • Take your temperature if symptoms develop.

  • Don’t take your temperature within 30 minutes of exercising or after taking medications that could lower your temperature, like acetaminophen.

  • Follow local health authority’s guidelines if symptoms develop.

References: Doh, MoHAP, CDC




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